Aquitainian Rebellion (735)
PRINCIPAL COMBATANTS: The sons of Duke Eudo of Aquitaine vs. the French king Charles Martel
PRINCIPAL THEATER(S): Southwestern France
MAJOR ISSUES AND OBJECTIVES: At issue was who should inherit the duke of Aquitaine’s estate—his sons or the French Crown
OUTCOME: The rebellion was crushed, and Aquitaine went to Charles Martel.
APPROXIMATE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF MEN UNDER ARMS: Unknown
After Eudo (Eudes), duke of Aquitaine (665–735), died, his estate was to revert to Charles Martel (c. 668–741), the son of King Pepin II (d. 714), as his rightful suzerain. However, Eudo’s sons felt that Aquitaine was rightfully theirs, and they rose up in rebellion, sparking a larger revolt by a number of nobles at the very moment Charles was winning his smashing victory over the Muslims at Tours (Poitiers). The revolt was badly organized and poorly financed. Charles quickly returned to crush the rebellion before it gained any momentum. Eudo’s sons were forced to pledge fealty to Charles, and they lost what they considered their
patrimonial lands in Aquitaine to their sovereign.
See also FRANKISH-MOORISH WAR, FIRST; PEPIN’S CAMPAIGNS IN AQUITAINE.
Further reading: Paul Fouracre, The Age of Charles Martel (Harlow, U.K.: Longman, 2000); Pierre Riché, The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993).